• A comparison of anger in offenders and non-offenders who have intellectual disabilities

      Nicoll, Matthew (2013)
      Background: There is growing evidence of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy to treat anger in offenders with intellectual disabilities. The aim is to lower anger levels; the rationale is that this will reduce recidivism. However, the hypothesis that anger levels amongst offenders are higher than non-offenders has not been tested.; Method: The study utilizes a case-comparison design to examine whether levels of anger are higher amongst people with intellectual disabilities who have offended in comparison with those who have not offended. Anger levels are compared for 29 offenders with intellectual disabilities and 27 non-offenders with intellectual disabilities (all male).; Results: No differences were found between offenders and non-offenders on measures of anger. The offending group was shown to have higher levels of aggression.; Conclusions: Results suggest that there is no difference in levels of anger between offender and non-offenders to begin with. The limitations of the study are discussed, but the implication of the study questions the legitimacy of the rationale to utilize anger treatment to reduce recidivism in offenders with intellectual disabilities.; © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    • Cognitive behavioural treatment for anger in adults with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review and meta-analysis

      Nicoll, Matthew (2013)
      Background: The cognitive behavioural treatment for anger in adults with intellectual disabilities has received increasing interest. The current study aims to review the current literature and provide a meta-analysis.; Method: A literature search found 12 studies eligible for the quality appraisal. The studies examined cognitive behavioural treatment for anger in adults with intellectual disabilities published since 1999. Nine studies were eligible to be included in the meta-analysis.; Results: The meta-analysis revealed large uncontrolled effect sizes for the treatment for anger in adults with intellectual disabilities, but is viewed with caution due to low sample sizes. The narrative review showed improved methodological quality of the literature.; Conclusions: The emerging literature is encouraging. However, it is limited through concatenated data, a lack of comparative control groups and small study samples.; © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    • Friend or foe? A selective review of literature concerning abuse of adults with learning disability by those employed to care for them

      Moore, Debra (2001)
      Adults with learning disabilities are often the targets of acts of violence, aggression, bullying and humiliation. This review of the literature considers as problematic the prevention and detection of abuse, and the effect it has on relationships between carer and client, the therapeutic environment and the culture of wider society. This article seeks to inform prevention strategies by identifying not just the characteristics of the abusers and the victims but the reality of relationships between them and how this can be the most effective safeguard against abuse. The article suggests that at the core of a valuing relationship between a carer and a person with learning disabilities is a concept of humanness, and a willingness to see reciprocity and warmth in their alliance with one another. The article concludes that a challenge facing leaders and managers of services is how to replicate, cherish and maintain that connection and interdependence between 'carer' and 'cared for'. © 2001 Sage Publications.