• Bullying and people with severe intellectual disability

      Clegg, Jennifer (2001)
      Although bullying has been shown to reduce quality of life in many spheres, anti-bullying strategies have yet to be incorporated into services for adults with severe intellectual disability (ID). The present study employed a survey of staff and parent concerns about 54 previously surveyed students who had left a school for pupils with severe ID. A content analysis of follow-up interviews was performed in 10 cases. Staff identified 19% of the survey sample as bullying others and 11% as being picked on. Neither gender nor communication ability had an impact. There was no significant change in bully or victim status over time, although some people did change. Parents or staff raised bully/victim problems in more than half of the interviews. There is sufficient evidence of bullying behaviour to warrant the adoption of anti-bullying strategies.
    • Friend or foe? A selective review of literature concerning abuse of adults with learning disability by those employed to care for them

      Moore, Debra (2001)
      Adults with learning disabilities are often the targets of acts of violence, aggression, bullying and humiliation. This review of the literature considers as problematic the prevention and detection of abuse, and the effect it has on relationships between carer and client, the therapeutic environment and the culture of wider society. This article seeks to inform prevention strategies by identifying not just the characteristics of the abusers and the victims but the reality of relationships between them and how this can be the most effective safeguard against abuse. The article suggests that at the core of a valuing relationship between a carer and a person with learning disabilities is a concept of humanness, and a willingness to see reciprocity and warmth in their alliance with one another. The article concludes that a challenge facing leaders and managers of services is how to replicate, cherish and maintain that connection and interdependence between 'carer' and 'cared for'. © 2001 Sage Publications.