• Prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen in eyes with newly presenting neovascular age-related macular degeneration

      Patel, Moneesh (2016-02)
      PURPOSE: To use multimodal imaging to evaluate the prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) in eyes with newly presenting neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in a UK population and explore associations with RPD and angiographic subtypes of nAMD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, color fundus photographs, red-free and blue channel images, and fundus fluorescein angiograms of 202 consecutive patients who presented to a rapid access macular clinic over a 4-year period was performed. All images were graded by at least 2 ophthalmologists for the presence of RPD and choroidal neovascular membrane (CNV) subtypes. RESULTS: A total of 231 consecutive eyes were studied, of which 131 (56.7%) were in women. Of these, 51 eyes with CNV (22.1%) had identifiable RPD, with one or more imaging methods in that eye. A total of 30.3% of patients with newly presenting CNV in either or both eyes had identifiable RPD. The RPD were bilateral in 85.4% of patients and were identified more commonly in women than men (72.5% vs 27.5%), a difference that reached statistical significance (p = 0.011). No association between RPD and any particular CNV subtype was demonstrated, including for retinal angiomatous proliferations (RAP). CONCLUSIONS: Reticular pseudodrusen have a high prevalence in eyes presenting with nAMD (22.1%), although at rates much lower than that of conventional drusen. They are largely a bilateral finding, occurring more frequently in women. Unlike other previous reports, we found no difference in their occurrence between the different subtypes of CNV including RAPs.
    • Prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen in newly presenting adult onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy.

      Patel, Moneesh (2016-06)
      PurposeTo report the association and prevalence of reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) in eyes with newly presenting adult onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy (AFVD). To compare the strength of association with other pathologies resulting from dysfunction of the choroid-Bruch's membrane-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) complex, including eyes with geographic atrophy (GA) and angioid streaks.MethodsRetrospective single-centre review of all consecutive newly presenting AFVD. Multimodal imaging with spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fundus photographs, red-free/blue light images, and fundus fluorescein angiograms were graded for the presence of RPD. For comparison, all consecutive newly presenting cases of GA and eyes with angioid streaks were studied.ResultsFifteen (15) patients were identified with AFVD (mean age of 77.3 years; 73.3% female). Mean age of patients with AFVD and RPD was 80.5 years (SD 3.7), whereas that of patients with AFVD without RPD was 75.1 years (SD 7.0). This age difference did not reach statistical significance, P=0.1. Six (40%) had identifiable RPD; being a bilateral finding in 100% of patients. No males with AFVD and RPD were identified. A total of 92 eyes presented with GA. Twenty-three (23) of these (25.0%) had RPD. Twelve (12) patients presented with identifiable angioid streaks, with 4 (36.4%) having RPD.ConclusionRPD are a frequent finding in eyes with newly presenting AFVD; not being restricted to AMD, but a finding common among diseases where pathophysiological mechanisms involve damage to Bruch's membrane and the RPE, whether genetic or degenerative. Our study supports the concept that they occur with high but variable frequencies in eyes with various pathologies.