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dc.contributor.authorChithiramohan, Tamara
dc.contributor.authorParekh, Jvalant
dc.contributor.authorMinhas, Jatinder
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Thompson
dc.contributor.authorDivall, Pip
dc.contributor.authorBeishon, Lucy
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-03T16:20:27Z
dc.date.available2022-03-03T16:20:27Z
dc.identifier.citationChithiramohan, T., Parekh, J. N., Kronenberg, G., Haunton, V. J., Minhas, J. S., Panerai, R. B., Robinson, T. G., Divall, P., Subramaniam, H., Mukaetova-Ladinska, E., & Beishon, L. (2022). Investigating the association between depression and cerebral haemodynamics-A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of affective disorders, 299, 144–158.en_US
dc.identifier.otherdoi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.11.037
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12904/15210
dc.description.abstractBackground: Vascular mechanisms may play a role in depression. The aim of this review is to summarise the evidence on alterations in cerebral haemodynamics in depression. Methods: MEDLINE (1946- present), Embase (1947-present), Web of Science (1970-present), PsycINFO (1984-present), CINAHL (1976-present) and CENTRAL were searched using a predefined search strategy. A meta-analysis was conducted in four groups: 1) global cerebral blood flow (CBF) in ml/min/100 g, 2) CBF velocity (CBFv) in cm/s (maximum flow of left middle cerebral artery, 3) combined CBF and CBFv, 4) Ratio of uptake of Tc 99 m HMPAO (region of interest compared to whole brain). Data are presented as mean difference or standardised mean difference and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). A narrative synthesis of the remaining studies was performed. Results: 87 studies were included. CBF was significantly reduced in depressed patients compared to HC [15 studies, 538 patients, 416 HC, MD: -2.24 (95% CI -4.12, -0.36), p = 0.02, I2 = 64%]. There were no statistically significant differences in other parameters. The narrative synthesis revealed variable changes in CBF in depressed patients, particularly affecting the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices. Limitations: There were various sources of heterogeneity including the severity of depression, use of antidepressant medication, imaging modality used and reporting of outcomes. All of these factors made direct comparisons between studies difficult. Conclusions: The reduction in CBF in depressed patients compared to HCs may indicate a role for assessment and CBF altering interventions in high-risk groups. However, results were inconsistent across studies, warranting further work to investigate specific subgroups.
dc.description.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S016503272101260X?via%3Dihuben_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectBrain imagingen_US
dc.subjectCerebral blood flowen_US
dc.subjectCerebral haemodynamicsen_US
dc.subjectDepressionen_US
dc.subjectMajor depressive disorderen_US
dc.titleInvestigating the association between depression and cerebral haemodynamics-A systematic review and meta-analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectDefault projecten_US
rioxxterms.versionNAen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecorddoi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.11.037en_US
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_US
refterms.panelUnspecifieden_US
html.description.abstractBackground: Vascular mechanisms may play a role in depression. The aim of this review is to summarise the evidence on alterations in cerebral haemodynamics in depression. Methods: MEDLINE (1946- present), Embase (1947-present), Web of Science (1970-present), PsycINFO (1984-present), CINAHL (1976-present) and CENTRAL were searched using a predefined search strategy. A meta-analysis was conducted in four groups: 1) global cerebral blood flow (CBF) in ml/min/100 g, 2) CBF velocity (CBFv) in cm/s (maximum flow of left middle cerebral artery, 3) combined CBF and CBFv, 4) Ratio of uptake of Tc 99 m HMPAO (region of interest compared to whole brain). Data are presented as mean difference or standardised mean difference and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). A narrative synthesis of the remaining studies was performed. Results: 87 studies were included. CBF was significantly reduced in depressed patients compared to HC [15 studies, 538 patients, 416 HC, MD: -2.24 (95% CI -4.12, -0.36), p = 0.02, I2 = 64%]. There were no statistically significant differences in other parameters. The narrative synthesis revealed variable changes in CBF in depressed patients, particularly affecting the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices. Limitations: There were various sources of heterogeneity including the severity of depression, use of antidepressant medication, imaging modality used and reporting of outcomes. All of these factors made direct comparisons between studies difficult. Conclusions: The reduction in CBF in depressed patients compared to HCs may indicate a role for assessment and CBF altering interventions in high-risk groups. However, results were inconsistent across studies, warranting further work to investigate specific subgroups.en_US
rioxxterms.funder.project94a427429a5bcfef7dd04c33360d80cden_US


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