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dc.contributor.authorNg, J
dc.contributor.authorBroomfield, John
dc.contributor.authorBarbosa, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorBhangoo, Navjot
dc.contributor.authorGeutjens, Guido
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-09T14:17:50Z
dc.date.available2022-11-09T14:17:50Z
dc.identifier.citationKnee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2022 Oct 21en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12904/15934
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: Trochlear dysplasia is an independent risk factor for recurrent patellar instability with evidence demonstrating its presence in up to 85% of patients with patellar instability. Severe trochlear dysplasia can be treated with trochleoplasty to improve engagement of the patella in the trochlear groove and prevent future dislocations. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcome of Bereiter trochleoplasty in patients with recurrent patellar instability and severe trochlear dysplasia. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of all trochleoplasties performed in our institution from 2008-2019. All clinical records and pre-operative MRI scans were reviewed to assess for trochlear dysplasia, tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove distance (TTTG) and patella height using patella trochlear index (PTI). Trochlear dysplasia was classified using Dejour classification. Incidence of re-dislocation, infection, arthrofibrosis, chondral necrosis and re-operation were recorded. All patients were invited to complete a post-operative visual analog score for pain (VAS-P) and Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII). RESULTS: Fifty-eight trochleoplasties were performed in fifty patients during this period. All trochleoplasties were combined with additional procedures. 93% had concomitant medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstructions and 47% had tibial tuberosity transfer. The mean follow-up period was 36.8 months. The rate of dislocation and arthrofibrosis were 5% each. There were no chondral necrosis or nonunion. The mean post-operative BPII was 58.4 and VAS-P was 30.4. CONCLUSIONS: Bereiter trochleoplasty, often combined with MPFL reconstruction and/or tibial tuberosity transfer results in low re-dislocation and complication rate. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
dc.subjectTrochlear Dysplasiaen_US
dc.subjectBereiter Trochleoplastyen_US
dc.subjectMPFL Reconstructionen_US
dc.subjectPatella Altaen_US
dc.subjectPatella Dislocationen_US
dc.subjectPatella Instabilityen_US
dc.subjectTibial Tuberosity Transferen_US
dc.subjectTrochleoplastyen_US
dc.titleLow re-dislocation rate following Bereiter trochleoplasty for recurrent patellar instability with severe trochlear dysplasia.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectDefault projecten_US
rioxxterms.versionNAen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s00167-022-07201-1en_US
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_US
refterms.panelUnspecifieden_US
refterms.dateFirstOnline2022-10
html.description.abstractPURPOSE: Trochlear dysplasia is an independent risk factor for recurrent patellar instability with evidence demonstrating its presence in up to 85% of patients with patellar instability. Severe trochlear dysplasia can be treated with trochleoplasty to improve engagement of the patella in the trochlear groove and prevent future dislocations. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcome of Bereiter trochleoplasty in patients with recurrent patellar instability and severe trochlear dysplasia. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of all trochleoplasties performed in our institution from 2008-2019. All clinical records and pre-operative MRI scans were reviewed to assess for trochlear dysplasia, tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove distance (TTTG) and patella height using patella trochlear index (PTI). Trochlear dysplasia was classified using Dejour classification. Incidence of re-dislocation, infection, arthrofibrosis, chondral necrosis and re-operation were recorded. All patients were invited to complete a post-operative visual analog score for pain (VAS-P) and Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII). RESULTS: Fifty-eight trochleoplasties were performed in fifty patients during this period. All trochleoplasties were combined with additional procedures. 93% had concomitant medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstructions and 47% had tibial tuberosity transfer. The mean follow-up period was 36.8 months. The rate of dislocation and arthrofibrosis were 5% each. There were no chondral necrosis or nonunion. The mean post-operative BPII was 58.4 and VAS-P was 30.4. CONCLUSIONS: Bereiter trochleoplasty, often combined with MPFL reconstruction and/or tibial tuberosity transfer results in low re-dislocation and complication rate. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.en_US
rioxxterms.funder.project94a427429a5bcfef7dd04c33360d80cden_US


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