Recent Submissions

  • Unexpected pulmonary sequestration in a pregnant patient

    Alsararatee, Hasan Hazim; Munje, Muhit (2023-12)
    A pregnant woman in her early 30s, at 20 weeks of gestational age, presented with recurrent haemoptysis, pleuritic chest pain and a productive cough of 6 months duration. She underwent CT pulmonary angiogram which demonstrated right pulmonary sequestration and right-sided consolidation. Pre-existing pulmonary comorbidities such as chronic inflammation, structural abnormalities or weakened blood vessels within the lungs can encourage the growth of abnormal blood vessels. During pregnancy, these dynamics can be further aggravated by increasing cardiac output to promote blood flow to the placenta and increasing oxygen delivery to the developing foetus. These changes likely cause increased blood flow to the pulmonary sequestration, resulting in haemoptysis. The patient was treated conservatively for community-acquired pneumonia with a course of oral amoxicillin 500 mg three times a day for 5 days, and she is doing well on follow-up.
  • Anterior hypopituitarism due to primary empty sella syndrome in a critically unwell patient

    Rajesh, Mariya; Omer, Tahir; Chinniah, Sadasivan (2023)
    A previously fit and well male in his early 40s, presented to the emergency department, hypotensive, bradycardic and hypothermic with reduced levels of consciousness after being found diaphoretic and unwell at his home. Despite fluid resuscitation with warmed saline, he remained hypotensive and required vasopressor support leading to intensive care admission. Initially, the patient was managed for suspected meningoencephalitis but was later found to have hypopituitarism leading to secondary hypothyroidism and adrenal insufficiency. Subsequent investigations revealed it is due to empty sella syndrome.