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dc.contributor.authorGuo, Boliang
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-02T13:35:02Z
dc.date.available2018-11-02T13:35:02Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationVitish-Sharma, P., King, A. J., Stead, R., Sharp, J., Abbas, A., Guo, B., Gornall, C., Maxwell-Armstrong, C. & Acheson, A. G. (2018). Evaluating the variation of intraocular pressure with positional change during colorectal laparoscopic surgery: Observational study. JMIR Perioperative Medicine, 1 (2), pp.e11221.en
dc.identifier.other10.2196/11221
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12904/5028
dc.description.abstractBackground: The incidence of perioperative visual loss following colorectal surgery in the US is quoted as 1.24 per 10,000. Raised intraocular pressure (IOP) during extreme Trendelenburg position leading to reduced optic nerve perfusion is thought to be a cause. Objective: To assess the effect of the degree of Trendelenburg tilt and time spent in Trendelenburg on IOP during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery were recruited. A Tonopen XL applanation tonometer was used to take IOP measurements hourly during surgery, and each time the operating table was tilted. A correlation coefficient for the degree of Trendelenburg tilt and IOP was calculated for each patient. Group 1 included patients undergoing a right-sided colonic procedure, and Group 2 included all left-sided colonic operations. Results: The mean age of Group 1 participants (n=25) was 69 years (SD 14), and Group 2 (n=25) was 63 years (SD 16; P>.05). The average length of surgery for Group 1 was 142 minutes (SD 48), and Group 2 was 268 minutes (SD 99; P≤.05). The mean maximum degree of Trendelenburg tilt in Group 1 was 10 (SD 7) and Group 2 was 19 (SD 6; P≤.05). The mean IOP increase was 9 mm Hg (SD 5) for Group 1 and 15 mm Hg (SD 5) in Group 2 (P≤.05). An overall correlation coefficient for the degree of Trendelenburg tilt and IOP change (n=48) was .78. Conclusions: There is a strong correlation between IOP elevation during laparoscopic colorectal surgery and the degree of Trendelenburg tilt. This may be significant for patients undergoing prolonged surgery and especially those with glaucoma.en
dc.description.urihttps://periop.jmir.org/2018/2/e11221/en
dc.subjectLaparoscopyen
dc.subjectColorectal surgeryen
dc.subjectIntraocular pressureen
dc.subjectBlindnessen
dc.titleEvaluating the variation of intraocular pressure with positional change during colorectal laparoscopic surgery: Observational studyen
dc.typeArticleen
refterms.dateFOA2021-06-10T14:38:55Z


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