Peritoneal tuberculosis presenting as recurrent peritonitis secondary to treatment with intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin in a patient receiving peritoneal dialysis.
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Peritoneal dialysis has optimal intradialytic hemodynamics and preserves residual renal function: Why isn't it better than hemodialysis?Selby, Nicholas; Kazmi, I (2018-10)Rates of cardiovascular mortality are disproportionately high in patients with end stage kidney disease receiving dialysis. However, it is now generally accepted that patient survival is broadly equivalent between the two most frequently used forms of dialysis, in-center hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). This equivalent patient survival is notable when considering how specific aspects of HD have been shown to contribute to morbidity and mortality. These include more rapid loss of residual renal function (RRF), HD-induced myocardial and cerebral ischemia, and risk factors associated with the intermittent delivery of HD. Potential mechanisms specific to PD that may drive cardiovascular disease include the metabolic consequences of excessive absorption of glucose and glucose degradation products (GDPs), inadequate volume control, and high rates of hypokalemia. The aim of this review is to compare and contrast the different drivers of adverse outcomes between the dialysis modalities, as greater understanding of this may help in patient-centered decision-making when considering options for renal replacement therapy.
Endotoxemia in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: A Pilot Study to Examine the Role of Intestinal Perfusion and Congestion.Harrison, Laura (2017-01)Endotoxemia is common in advanced chronic kidney disease and is particularly severe in those receiving dialysis. In hemodialysis patients, translocation from the bowel occurs as a consequence of recurrent circulatory stress leading to a reduction in circulating splanchnic volume and increased intestinal permeability. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are often volume expanded and have continuous direct immersion of bowel in fluid; these may also be important factors in endotoxin translocation and would suggest different therapeutic strategies to improve it. The mechanisms leading to endotoxemia have never been specifically studied in PD. In this study, 17 subjects (8 PD patients, 9 healthy controls) underwent detailed gastrointestinal and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during fasted and fed states. Gross splanchnic perfusion was assessed by quantification of superior mesenteric artery flow. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were correlated to endotoxemia, markers of hydration status and cardiac structure and function.
Peritoneal dialysis is not associated with myocardial stunning.Selby, Nicholas; McIntyre, Christopher (2011-01)BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic changes during hemodialysis can precipitate subclinical myocardial ischemia, which over time contributes to the development of cardiac failure and is associated with a poor prognosis. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is also associated with acute changes in systemic hemodynamics and a similarly high incidence of cardiovascular disease; we therefore sought to examine whether the hemodynamic effects of a PD exchange would be sufficient to induce subclinical myocardial ischemia. METHODS: 10 patients on PD entered a prospective observational study to determine whether left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs) developed following a dialysate exchange. Serial echocardiography with quantitative analysis was used to assess ejection fraction and regional systolic LV function (shortening fraction). Blood pressure (BP) and hemodynamic variables were measured using continuous pulse wave analysis. RESULTS: We observed a very low frequency of RWMA development (5/100 regions). Only 1 patient had more than 1 RWMA and 6 patients were entirely unaffected. Overall mean shortening fraction increased when comparing pre and post values for both 2-chamber (from 3.06% ± 1.5% to 4.26% ± 1.3%, p = 0.001) and 4-chamber (from 3.00% ± 0.7% to 3.67% ± 0.9%, p = 0.021) analyses. Mean arterial pressure fell by a small degree during drainage of dialysate, with a larger rise in BP observed during instillation. These changes were driven by changes in peripheral resistance that fell during drainage and rose during instillation. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to hemodialysis, the acute effects of PD do not result in subclinical myocardial ischemia.