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dc.contributor.authorShokraneh, Farhad
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-21T15:09:40Z
dc.date.available2020-12-21T15:09:40Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationYousefifard, M., Vazirizadeh-Mahabadi, M. H., Haghani, L., Shokraneh, F., Vaccaro, A. R., Rahimi-Movaghar, V. & Hosseini, M. (2020). Early general hypothermia improves motor function after spinal cord injury in rats; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine, 8 (1), pp.e80.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12904/7366
dc.description.abstractIntroductionThere is still controversy about the effect of early hypothermia on the outcome of spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this review article is to investigate the effect of local or general hypothermia on improving the locomotion after traumatic SCI.MethodsElectronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched from inception until May 7, 2018. Two independent reviewers screened and summarized the relevant experimental studies on hypothermia efficacy in traumatic SCI. The data were analyzed and the findings were presented as pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).Results20 papers containing 30 separate experiments were included in meta-analysis. The onset of hypothermia varied between 0 and 240 minutes after SCI. Administration of hypothermia has a positive effect on locomotion following SCI (SMD=0.56 95% CI: 0.18-0.95, p=0.004). Subgroup analysis showed that general hypothermia improves locomotion recovery (SMD =0.89, 95% CI: 0.42 to 1.36; p <0.0001), while local hypothermia does not have a significant effect on motor recovery (SMD=0.20, 95 % CI: -0.36-0.76, p=0.478). In addition, general hypothermia was found to affect motor recovery only if its duration was between 2 and 8 hours (SMD=0.89; p<0.0001) and the target temperature for induction of hypothermia was between 32 and 35° C (SMD=0.83; p<0.0001).ConclusionWe found that general hypothermia improves locomotion after SCI in rats. Duration of induction and the target temperature are two essential considerations for general therapeutic hypothermia.
dc.description.urihttps://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/aaem/index.php/AAEM/article/view/739en
dc.subjectSpinal cord injuriesen
dc.subjectMovement disordersen
dc.subjectHypothermiaen
dc.titleEarly general hypothermia improves motor function after spinal cord injury in rats; a systematic review and meta-analysisen
dc.typeArticleen
html.description.abstractIntroductionThere is still controversy about the effect of early hypothermia on the outcome of spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this review article is to investigate the effect of local or general hypothermia on improving the locomotion after traumatic SCI.MethodsElectronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched from inception until May 7, 2018. Two independent reviewers screened and summarized the relevant experimental studies on hypothermia efficacy in traumatic SCI. The data were analyzed and the findings were presented as pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).Results20 papers containing 30 separate experiments were included in meta-analysis. The onset of hypothermia varied between 0 and 240 minutes after SCI. Administration of hypothermia has a positive effect on locomotion following SCI (SMD=0.56 95% CI: 0.18-0.95, p=0.004). Subgroup analysis showed that general hypothermia improves locomotion recovery (SMD =0.89, 95% CI: 0.42 to 1.36; p <0.0001), while local hypothermia does not have a significant effect on motor recovery (SMD=0.20, 95 % CI: -0.36-0.76, p=0.478). In addition, general hypothermia was found to affect motor recovery only if its duration was between 2 and 8 hours (SMD=0.89; p<0.0001) and the target temperature for induction of hypothermia was between 32 and 35° C (SMD=0.83; p<0.0001).ConclusionWe found that general hypothermia improves locomotion after SCI in rats. Duration of induction and the target temperature are two essential considerations for general therapeutic hypothermia.


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